Despite construction might seem simple, it is both a mentally and physically challenging career. There are several traits and construction skills workers should have to be successful while performing their tasks.
Construction projects come with a wide variety of tasks and working conditions, from operating heavy equipment unpleasant weather to moving in tight spaces and threatening heights. Nevertheless, this career can be quite rewarding for many professionals.
Those who have worked in the industry for several years can work with all members of entire construction teams and complete extraordinary projects that shape the livelihoods of other human beings, despite declining interest in the trades. It is estimated that construction jobs grow as much as 10% by 2024, placing it fourth among other major industries, such as business and health.
What are Some Construction Skills That Workers Require to Perform Their Job?
As the current construction worker needs a mix of physical endurance, effective communication skills, and technical knowledge, we will share with you here what skills are needed for construction to have success in this industry.
1.Physical Strength and Endurance
It is quite obvious that construction is a physically demanding job. Almost 50% of construction jobs will need physical strength and heavy lifting. As a consequence, stamina and strength are essential for carrying out many tasks in these projects. To safely and effectively conduct manual labor, construction workers will need proper posture and form, both outdoors and indoors.
2. Hand-Eye Coordination and Dexterity
Among the main construction worker skills needed to perform their job, we can definitely find having good hand-eye coordination and dexterity. Construction projects will require workers to stand, lie, and sit for long hours, as well as move both legs and arms quickly and accurately in any environment.
Having remarkable eyesight is also required. Skilled workers have to be able to examine details at far and close range, read documents, see gauges and dials to operate tools and equipment correctly.
3. Engineering and Building Knowledge
While telling you what skills are needed for construction, technical knowledge cannot be overlooked. Due to a lack of appropriate training, experience, and knowledge about major types of construction, about 36% of contractors fail. Knowing the tools and materials needed to fill a wide variety of construction services is crucial for any construction worker. What kind of skills do you need for construction?
– Building and repair of bridges, structures, and highways
– Power tools
– Experience with and knowledge of building materials for homes and other types of construction projects
Being able to know and differentiate the particular types of heavy equipment required for any kind of task is vital. For instance, some bulldozer types are better at handling materials than others.
4. Strong Reading and Math Skills
When it comes to construction skills, it is important to consider that construction involves more than just manual labor. Construction workers require math, geometry, and algebra knowledge to calculate building materials, determine necessary adjustments, and keep track of measurements.
Having strong math skills is highly important because it can be quite helpful with bookkeeping for a construction company, as well as estimating costs of home building, materials, equipment, and everything necessary to finish a project. As construction projects require lots of documentation and interpretation of blueprints, reading is necessary as well.
One of the most essential construction worker skills required for this job is communication. Due to poor communication, 48% of construction reworks happen. While working in a project, construction workers need to be able to communicate directions, questions, and decisions to their team as well as documents, craft emails, and reports. So, what skills does a construction worker need in terms of communication?
– Ability to listen and follow directions
– Verbal communication
– Written communication
6. Willingness to Learn
As the construction industry keeps evolving with new methods, techniques, and tools that make the job more cost-efficient and less difficult, it is important that construction workers have a willingness to learn. Those who like learning new trends will be able to teach the rest of their team, which is essential for senior positions.
7. Decision-Making and Problem-Solving Skills
What skills are needed for construction when it comes to facing issues at work? As problems are always present, every construction worker must be able to make quick decisions and think on their feet.
Whether it is about a project delay or inaccurate measurements, problems must be addressed quickly to ensure everything stays on track, especially when safety is involved.
8. Being a Team Player
Construction work requires constant collaboration with peers and team effort. Those workers who are able to communicate and work well with their co-workers will be able to complete the project on schedule, as there is no time for uncertainties and disagreements.
When it comes to teamwork, construction workers also need to have emotional intelligence. According to some studies, the most successful project managers invest 60 to 80% of their time developing their project management human skills.
What Training Does a Construction Worker Need?
Currently, for entry-level construction workers, there are no specific educational requirements. Before improving a specific skill, workers commonly start as unskilled laborers to learn the basics of the job. AGC of America stated that 63% of firms are planning to increase budgets for in-house development and training this year.
Those who are interested in learning construction skills before starting a career, can complete a paid apprenticeship or enroll in a trade school. Trade schools are vocational programs that offer courses in the basics of the trades, usually spread over one or two years, while paid apprenticeships can be taken to develop more specialized skills after vocational training.
By obtaining a degree in construction or engineering, experienced workers can take another step in their training. A college education can provide them with advanced math and science knowledge, which workers can afterward apply to their own building processes, bookkeeping for a construction company, and use to advance their careers to get management-level positions.
Construction workers who have these fundamental construction skills will be able to be successful at any project they pursue in the industry.